Skip links

Roofing for Beginners

Architectural integrity is an essential foundation for the durability of your home. A detailed guide about roofing for beginners is essentially created to elevate the roof design of your residential and commercial properties and simultaneously, alleviate the likelihood of occurrence of accidents and mishaps, such as falling from heights and electrocution, leading to death. It is paramount to first understand the basic terminologies related to how to learn roofing before diving into the details of roofing types and the average cost of roof replacement.

Basic Concepts of Components to Start Roofing for Beginners 

Get yourself familiarized with the following basic concepts of components elaborated for roofing for beginners:


1. Shingles

Roof shingles are flat, rectangular protective fragments made of several types of construction materials that serve to shield the underlying sheathings from foreign elements that may come in the form of climatic changes, natural disasters or a simple hit of random objects leading to mild cracks, indentation or breakage.

Traditionally, shingles are measured in a unit called a square. Each square of shingles is equivalent to 100 square feet. For example, if the roofing area of your residential or commercial property is 2500 square feet, you’ll need to shop or place an order of 25 shingle squares.

Check also: Top Roofers in Texas

2. Rafters

In simple words, rafters serve as the skeleton of your home. These comprise wood or metal slats inside the roofs that support the shingles and sheathings.

3. Sheathings

Roof sheathings are boards or sheet materials that are attached to the rafters of your buildings to cover them. These are also referred to as decks of a roof, or simply, roof decks.

4. Trim

Trims are installed to function the protection of seams in the roof along the ridges.

5. Underlayment

Underlayment is the water-resistant, paper-like material that is laid over plywood decks and sealed to preserve from the interaction of invading materials such as rain or snow. This is used with a membrane and vapor barrier that is typically a plastic sheet blocking air and water from leaking through.

6. Flashing

The damages from water are prevented with the installation of sheets typically made of metal or other durable material on the top joints of a roof system. The joints of roofing are anywhere it molds direction. The gaps are filled with the application of suitable sealing materials, or sealants.

7. Drainage

Roofing for beginners offers an important additional feature that allows and regulates the flow of water. The length of the drainage is calculated using the slope or pitch of the roof that rises (in inches) with each foot on horizontal distance, known as the ‘run’

8. Eaves

Edges of the roof that hang over the exterior walls of the roof are called eaves.

9. Gable Wall

Gable walls are designed as triangular sections of the home that extend from the eaves to the peak of the roof.

10. Ridge

The ridge of a roof is the highest point which is also known as the peak of the roof.

11. Centerline of Ridge

A wall or rafter under the edges of the roof where the gable ends is the place where lies the centerline of the ridge.

Read more about Efficient Roof Process.

12. Valley

The point where the two sections of a roof interlink with each other is called the valley of roofing.

13. Abutment

The vertical junctional point is where the sections of a roof meet with additional structures instilled in a roof such as chimneys.

14. Dormer

Dormers aren’t a necessity in the designing of a roof but it is better to install them out from the roof as they bring natural daylight into the attic of your house.

Roof Anatomy – A Comprehensive Guide

Constructing a roof has never been a child’s play as it requires a lot of weeks and months to build keeping in mind the solutions and their appropriate implementation to safeguard longevity.


The steeper the slope, the faster the water will flow from the roof and the lesser the time it will have to create a leak through, thus, the inclined roofs efficiently prevent the accumulation of water. In case the slopes are constructed to be flat, their attached decks and culverts have a slight pitch, typically ¼ inch drop every four feet for optimal drainage.

The shape of the roofing for beginners is the most salient and noteworthy feature, ranging from the most affordable to elegantly luxurious designs, and that is highly dependent on the type of roofing material you opt for the construction. For instance, an A-shaped gabled roof is structured to promote the best shedding of water in the least time. Similarly, the roofs of coastal homes are sloped from all four sides to make them withstand the harsh strikes of hurricanes. Being a newbie, it is crucial to hire a licensed roofing contractor who knows how to do roofing step by step and is knowledgeable about the types of roof installations.